Preshipment Inspection

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How to conduct a product quality inspection in a China factory

Category: FQA; Updated: 2018-07-17 21:46:08; Views: 312

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If you let a Chinese supplier ship the goods out without inspecting them, and if you discover quality problems after delivery in your country, is there anything you can do? For most importers, the reply is no.

In a nutshell, the quality inspector is the last defense of the customer!

If the size of your orders does not justify the cost of at least one inspection before shipment, you need to mitigate your risks in any way you can - for example, by always working with the same reliable manufacturer, and by keeping some stock in your warehouse at all time (in case a shipment needs to be scrapped).

2. At what stage should you check production quality?

It depends on the major risks you identify:

The two most common types of inspections are:

1. The final random inspection, because it is the only time when samples can be picked at random and when most of the bulk is packed.

2. The inspection of the first finished products, to catch issues as early as possible.

But when do the first finished products appear?

It really depends on the organization of production:

3. Checking production status

3.1 If production is under way

You might want to ask these questions:

3.2 If production is in an advanced stage

If you come for a final inspection, you need to put pressure on the manufacturer to present all the products (or at least 80 percent of them) fully packed. Above a certain order quantity, this is the only way for you to count the pieces. And this is important because you want to pick samples from the entire production run - you do not want 30 percent of the goods to be hidden in a back room!

Important note: if some products are packed and others are waiting to be packed, make sure to pick both unpacked and packed samples - ideally in the same proportions as the total batch.

4. Checking product and packing specifications

4.1 Preparing the checklist

Now is the time to make use of the product specification sheet that, hopefully, you have prepared before production started.

Before inspection, you simply need to paste the checkpoints and requirements (from the specification sheet) into the columns on the left of the inspection template. And, during the inspection, you enter findings on the right (in the white column).

This information coming from the product specification sheet...


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